In Vitro Fertilization involves stimulation of a woman’s ovaries using hormones, called gonadotropin, in order to produce multiple eggs (oocytes) that are then retrieved from the ovaries. The eggs are fertilized by sperm in a laboratory and allowed to mature into embryos. The embryos are then transferred into the uterus for implantation in the endometrium.
Any embryos that are not transferred can be frozen (cryopreserved). These cryopreserved embryos can then be thawed and used for future embryo transfers. Frozen embryos may be stored successfully for years in order to initiate another pregnancy in the future without the need for gonadotropin stimulation and egg retrieval.
What is the process?
You will receive IVF services coordinated between the Kelowna Regional Fertility Centre and Olive Fertility Centre in Vancouver. We will see you through the initial consultations, orientations, training, counselling, and cycle monitoring in our office.
Once you are ready for egg retrieval and embryo transfer, you will then travel to Olive Fertility Centre in Vancouver for these procedures. This typically takes between 4-6 days. Olive Fertility Centre will also be able to offer specialized andrology and embryology services such as ICSI (intracytoplasmic sperm injection) and CCS (comprehensive chromosomal screening). Once you have had your embryo transfer, you will then continue to be monitored in Kelowna to determine whether or not you have achieved a pregnancy.
Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
ICSI is a technique that involves injecting a single sperm into an egg. The fertilized egg is then allowed to mature into an embryo that can be transferred back into a female partner. ICIS was developed for men with severe sperm abnormalities and it is the single biggest advancement in infertility treatment since in vitro fertilization (IVF) was developed. Typically, ICSI uses ejaculated sperm, but surgically retrieved sperm can also be used. ICSI is performed as part of an IVF cycle.